All subjects that students study in their respective classes, whether language arts, math, history, or geography, etc. contributes to his or her personal formation and constitutes as a mean that allows that person to acquire and strengthen their own capacity to judge as well as improve their own personal efforts.
Learning about the different subjects primordially sets the foundation for the intellectual development of a person. When the student is able to not just store knowledge, but most of all, knows how to organize his or her ideas, the student has finally learned how to “know how to think” in a way that allows these same ideas to guide the student’s own acts and make his or her life truly humane. This is why intellectual formation is at the core of other faces of the process of formation: esthetics, technique, ethics, etc.
In the moral formation of a person, two important chapters can be distinguished: on the one hand, the acquisition of objective criteria to be able to evaluate reality as it is and make decisions; and on the other hand, the development and strengthening of one’s own will power to do what must be done at a certain moment in time.
Through the study of the different subjects, the student can develop his or her own objective criteria that will allow the student to distinguish the truth from opinion and to transcend sensitive reality with other human, social, esthetic, and spiritual values.
In order to develop this criterion, three aspects must be taken into consideration: first, the attentive observation of reality; second, deepening our cultural wealth through reading as well as through other means; and third, exercising our reflexive functions that allow us to analyze, compare, classify, synthesize, value, and decide.
The student must be aware that the results achieved mainly depend on his or her own effort. The student must deepen his or her knowledge to know about their own capabilities and limitations, in order to accept personal limits and thus make the necessary effort to overcome them.
Each student must strive to reach his or her maximum level of capabilities and to not conform to an inferior performance.
For exercises or homework, the student must aspire to reach the highest level of perfection and completion. The aspiration of a well done work should be extended to all other school tasks and activities. This is how the entire complex of human virtues – which includes order, hard work, and consistency – develops.
Generally, school work develops within the area of coexistence and cooperation among classmates. This is the framework within which social virtues develop, such as solidarity, participation, tolerance, generosity to help others, etc. Justice also unfolds by recognizing the merit and superiority of others in some concrete aspects of school and social life.
Even though the main player of the process of formation is the student, the mutual collaboration carried out by parents and teachers is also convenient and necessary (Translated by Gianna Sanchez Moretti).