More and more couples without children want to adopt, but on the other hand, there are fewer kids up for adoption. Previously, the lack of kids for adoption, in developed countries was compensated through the adoption abroad. Now this is more complex. The number of international adoptions has dropped by 48%.
Before investigating the roots of this reduction, it is worthwhile to recall two internationally accepted rules. The first emphasizes that the interest which should prevail is the one of the child. The second, expressed in the Hague Convention of 1993 requires that preference should be given to adoptions within the country.
Some scholars like Elizabeth Bartholet, a professor at Harvard University, felt the growing demands can sentence many children to spend more time in hospice.
“Le Monde” states that in France 2,000 foreign kids were adopted in 2011 and only 1,500 in 2012, according to the latest census of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Those who aspire to achieve an adoption face toughest environments abroad and in France, where there are a number of kids eligible for adoption.
China and Russia have tightened the conditions for the adoption in recent years. China is the country with more children up for adoption: about 80,000 between 2003 and 2011. Adopting a newborn is the most longed for, but also the most difficult. Instead there are more opportunities to adopt babies from 3 or 4 years, or also invalids or afflicted kids. Children of 5-7 years account for 13% of those adopted in France in 2012, compared to 10,73% in 2011, and those with more than 7
years of age were 16,65% in 2012, compared with 14,28% in 2011.
Jesus Palacios, Professor of Psychology at the University of Sevilla said that currently, the preference is that adopted children are somewhat older or suffering from a physical or mental distress. «And that, of course, clashes with the desires of many families, whose goal is a young baby as healthy as possible, and without any problems».
In Spain as in many countries, the legalization of abortion in 1985, has led to an abortion for every four live births. A serious situation which has reduced the number of babies free for adoption.
The adoption has become more difficult today. Given the lack of children and the unfulfilled desire of many marriages, it seems appropriate not to add more difficulties that complicate the processes of adoption.